“Art is created by the society we live in”
Impressionism and Post-Impressionism
– A Reflection of Tradition –
Monet – Impression – Sunrise 1872
– Dotted lines
– Horizontal Lines
– Limited Palette
– Implied line from the reflection of the sun
– he Painted what he saw around him
– Perspective from the lightly painted boats
– Used a collapsible easel + tubed paints
– Photography influence -> Depth of field
– Main points
- Faster pace of life
- Move from Country to cities
- New Technology
- Increased wealth
- Rise of middle classes
– Timescale (1872 – 1892)
- First moving pictures
- New types of paint
- Japanese prints
– Themes and Concerns
- To capture light
- To paint outside, rather than in the studio
- To reject the academic art of the salon – Historical, religious and mythological themes.
Renoir – Luncheon of the boating party (1880 -1881)
– Depth of field
– Capturing the moment
– Yellow (Luminous) + Complimentary
– The glass has been made to reflect the light
– Depicts middle class
Manet – Music in the Tuileries Garden 1862
– Upper/middle class
– depicts the party + contemporary life
– Unnecessary feature of chairs to show they’re made of metal (new material – revolutionary)
Degas – Ballet rehearsal 1874
– On Location doing sketches but not outside (quick sketches) which he then completes in his studio unlike most impressionist artists.
– Uses Light
Review of Impressionism
– Main points:
- Effects of light
- Rejected academic painting and the salon
- Painted quickly and left brush mark visible
- Painted normal Parisian life (People who live in bath)
Van Gogh – Starry night 1889
– Town is small (Man Made)
– Sky is biggest part (Nature, Implies man can’t control nature)
– Emotion (More personal touch)
– Flowing lines
– Complementary colours (Blue/Yellow)
– Bold Outline
– Tree in foreground
Post – Impressionism
– Timescale 1880 -1905
- Many public exhibitions of previous artistic achievements. Van gogh 1907, Cezanne 1903.
- All embracing term used for the many reactions against impressionists.
– Main concern:
- To reject the impressionists external observed world and look inside them
- Past impressionism doesn’t have to be in proportion/realistic
- Themselves for content – from eye to mind.
– Main artists: –
- – Van Gogh – Cezanne – Gauguin – Seurat
– Pointilism: Goerges Seurat, A Sunday afternoon on the lle de la grande jatte – 1884 – 1886
– Optical mixing (scientific method; Eye mixes the colour rather than the pallet)
– Ladies (the figure) Implied curved lines
– Upper/middle class
– Diagonal creating depth
Gauguin – Te tamari no atua (the birth of Christ) 1896
– Distorted perspective (beds too small or the girl)
– Recreating biblical image + challenging it (Donkey/baby)
– Looks like a cat on the bed due to the volume _tone of the object.
Cezanne – Mont sainte – Victoire, seen from les lauves 1902-04
– Painted how your eyes move around an object why implied lines are important
– Main points about post impressionism:
– Abstract form + surface pattern
– rejected superficiality and of light + naturalistic colour
– Used vivid colours, thick paint, distinctive brush strokes
– Wanted more structure (Cezanne)
This is Monet’s image of a impressionist painting with cold and warm colours. I then tried to create my own version of this image with the warm and cold colours on the building and sky:
Normally you would associate the building in a warm colour and the sky with a cold colour but Monet has done it opposite and this is why I choose this colour scheme, I then changed the texture to an artistic….
This is one of Degas’ images of a ballet class painted to show the movement of an impressionist movement. I then made two versions of his work below:
This first one was cropped to this size and angle of this so that i could manipulate and experiment with using the movement tool on photoshop, to have a motion blur across the whole image.
I then perfected the photoshop motion blur tool and used it to just motion blur the people in the image. I did this by selecting the figures and then going into ‘filter’, ‘blur’ and then ‘motion blur’ at an angle of 85 and a distance of 165 pixels.
This is my inspired painting by Seurat of a pointillism painting. I then created my own style using photoshop on the image below of a boy walking towards a forest.
To create this I first used a ‘filter’ on ‘pixelate’ and then “pointillize” to then adjust the cell size to make it as small a cell size as the points on Seurat’s image, which was changed to 20.