Visual Analysis- Minimalism

Bruce Nauman

Title: The true artist helps the world by revealing mystic Truths 1967

Medium/Technique: Window or wall sign

Date accessed: 13/03/2014


This is a minimalism movement that started around 1966, which was around the time of an anti-Vietnam war protest that then went on for another 5 years, with up to 200,000 protesters in just 1966 alone around the world. This piece is of some neon lighting that says “The true Artist helps the world by revealing mystic truths” in big neon lighting creating the image in a form of advertising telling you about an artist, but of a different kind. It’s colourful with bright reds and blues and neon lighting, like his earlier works with neon, and has a typical tone of dry satire like in many of his works too. The text goes round in a circular motion of text with a swirled line leading the eye around the piece and around the text, giving an overall circular shape. The texture of the piece is smooth with a glassy feel of the clear glass neon lighting tubes used to create the piece. With it being a minimalism piece this shows a good example of blurring the boundaries of sculpture and paintings. Apart from the line, shape, textures and colours I’ve mentioned there is only a minimal amount of them depicted in the piece. 


Digital Artists

Pawel Nolbert

The movement that has been inspired by, for this artist, looks likes surrealism.

“Chocolatopia” – is a personal illustration, done in 2008, a photomontage with some strong retouch/paintwork and some 3D additions.


“Art Direction” – 2008 project, some colourful shapes were modeled in 3D but everything else was created in Photoshop. It looks like Dali’s melting clocks with the melting woman and the use of frame like Magritte does.


“Fanta” – Nolbert has used graphic design, illustration and web design to make a colour explosion in the form of advertising.


My own style of Nolberts Dali and Magritte inspired image:


I first duplicated the layer and selected the face structure with the polygonal lasso tool, i then moved the selected area to the right side of the image. I selected the eyes again with the polygonal lasso tool and erased then and used the paint bucket tool to change the area to white.


I then selected the Ellipse tool to make circular holes in the head, this is to then add some chains and a hook so the head is then hanging. To do this I chose an image off of Google images of some chains and a hook and then used the quick selection tool to cut them to the image of the hanging face. I put them inline with the circles previously made until they were aligned both sides.

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Lastly, I re-selected the mask and went onto filter and ‘filter gallery’ and clicked on the artistic look and chose the plastic wrap to make the mask shine and look like it’s been melted. Then I went on filter again and used ‘liquify’ to then select a brush size and drag parts of the edges to make the mask look like it’s melting fully for the final look.

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This was the final outlook:

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Jared Nickerson

“Nothing without Love (wallpack)” – The artist took the photograph from Nikos Vasilakis with full permission and the model is Katerina Anyfantaki. They used illustrator and character design to produce the final image. The movement inspired for this image is art nouveau with the use of organic shapes of flowers and the human form.


“Time Travel in a Time of Regret” – The artist used digital art through illustration to create this image. This again looks in the style of art nouveau and uses he organic and geometric shapes.


“Love and all Consequences” – This image used a cartooning effect with graphic design in illustrator. It uses the framing like the art nouveau style but rather than the organic shapes being outside the center they form the circle geometric shape around the human form.


My style of:

Art Nouveau ..

I took the style of Jared’s art nouveau look and made it into my own. I used the angle of the person looking back at the photographer and the banner of the 3rd image. Then i used the floral textured look from all the others.

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First I added a backdrop of leaves and erased the white backdrop. I used the quick selection tool to delete big chunks of the white background and then further finished it off with a small erase size to erase the white backdrop.

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Next I selected an image from google of a girl looking back at the viewer which i could then manipulate to look like the first digital art that Jared did. I placed the copy onto the piece and changed the levels so that it fitted with the background leaves more using the contrast levels to adjust this.

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Then, I added a banner like the last and third image Jared did so that the overall image incorporated all three styles of Jared’s pieces. I placed it on her shoulders so that it framed her just like an art nouveau piece would look like. I then used the filters took to change the style of the banner to a plastic wrap look which gave a monochromatic scheme and looked more interesting like the wooded pattern of Jared’s third piece and also so that it wouldn’t stand out in the image but blend in more.

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Finally I used the website ‘Brusheezy’ to download some leave brushes into photoshop, so that i could use the brush tool and place them onto the image to frame it and surround the girl and banner and therefore give it a final overall touch to make it more visually interesting.

Jerico Santander

“The Music Nature” – This image uses illustrator to produce the piece. It’s really creative and looks like a form of the unconscious, dream world, using the inspiration from the surrealism movement.


“Nike Football- The Swoosh Drone”- This was done for an advertisement with Nike Football. It looks like the image was done with a photoshop backdrop and then with Cinema 4D to get the 3D effect.


“Coca Cola Brand Visual”- Another advertising campaign that was done but for Coca cola. It looks like the style of Expressionism with the vivid colours to create spiritually or psychologically intense work to drag people into their advertisement.


My in the Style Of:

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I first selected an image of a bee from google images and copied the image to photoshop where I had an image i’d taken of a coke can. After this I erased the background using both the eraser tool and the magic eraser tool.

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After this I took the image of the bee and duplicated the layer. This then gave me the scale of the shadow for the bee, which i created in blending options and colour overlay by selecting the colour picker to get the same colour shadow as the coke can has. I then lowered the opacity so it looked more realistic.

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After this i duplicated another layer of the bee and placed it on top of the coke can. I then blurred the bee so it fitted the aperture blur of the rest of the image. Next, I selected an image of a lady bird from google images and placed it onto the photoshop image. I then erased the background using the magic erase tool and the erase tool. I then used transform to scale the lady bird down to a realistic size.

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Then, I duplicated the lady bird layer and did the same shadow effect as the bee by going to blending options and then colour overlay. I duplicated both the lady bird and the shadow of the lady bird to create another further back in the image. I re-scaled the lady bird by using transform and clicked on ‘edit’ ‘transform’ and flip horizontal. Lastly I blurred the ladybird so it wasn’t sharper than the place it was at in the background.

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After that I got an image of some water droplets with a clear grey scale background to then erase the background and place onto the coke can and create a water droplet effect on the can. I then did the same two more times by duplicating the layer and putting it lower on the can, using transform to rescale and place the droplets.

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I then did the same again to the lighter side of the coke can by getting a clearer image. I erased the background colour so that it fit the colour of the can, again all the way down the can.

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Next, I copied an image of a mountain backdrop so that I could add some depth to the image like Jerico did with his image. I transformed the image so it fit the whole canvas to then bring through the image. After that I selected the coke can layer and erased the grass. With the mountain layer underneath it i could then have the mountain image showing through realistically like it was a perspective from a bridge overlooking a river and mountain view. I blurred the image of the mountain backdrop using box blur so that it didn’t detract attention to the coke can.

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I then selected a dragon fly and placed it onto my design. I used the erase tool to get rid of the cream backdrop and further erased any little bits that weren’t previously erased.

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Finally, I selected another image of a dragon fly and placed it onto the image to the right of the can. This was to then mirror and give a flow around the can using the different bugs. Then, I selected the wings of the left dragonfly and placed them onto the right dragon fly so they blended in better with the background. This is what the image turned out like:

Coke Advertisement

Art Deco Style…


With this image I was trying to capture the style of Art deco through a christmas card by using the shapes of a typical art deco inspired style, with the geometric shapes.

Then, this Christmas card was inspired by the Art Nouveau movement and the use of a halo geometric shape across the top of the head of a person and this instance Father Christmas for the Christmas look.

Xmas Card

Artshop- Moholy- Nagy

Identify the key characteristics of Moholy Nagy’s work:

  1. Photograms
  2. Sculpture
  3. Painting
  4. Photomontages
  5. Light and shadow

Explain what equipment you used to produce your scanned images.

I used scissors, glue, protractor and a pink, green coloured card, which I then cut up to create 3 dimensional shapes, curved lines.

1. img004

For this first image I used some stationary to create some interesting shapes using the scanner, this was inspired by his photogram print with the compass.

2. img005

I again used the same inspiration but wanted to fill the space a bit more to make it visually pleasing by adding a glue stick. Also, I tried to see if it had a 3D form to it and it therefore gave me a slight shadow to the image. The pink paper used for the background gave an interesting colour to it as the paper wasn’t completely flattened down it caught a rainbow effect reflecting from the objects.

3. img006

Again i used a similar layout to create the style of Moholy Nagy’s work except I included a pen and green paper to see if it darkened or lightened the image and change the look it gave.

4. img007

For this one I kept it more simple like some of Moholy-Nagy’s work by only putting in a geometric shape and leaving space within the rest of it, no coloured background involved as instead I used the paper to create the shapes.

5. img008

This time I added two circular shapes of different sizes just like one of Moholy-Nagy’s piece and further added a pen to make it different.

6. img009

For this one I had the white board of the scanner flat down creating no shadow like the previous ones. I used both the geometric shapes- circles and rectangles- to produce a simple style using Moholy-Nagy’s inspiration.

7. img010

This one was an experiment after the other successful images. I placed a bottle of water in the image to see if it refracted any shapes and light from it, but still combining the geometric shapes with it.

Visual Analysis- Bauhaus Movement

Access Date: 15/01/14



Wassily Kandinsky 

His work was around the first and second world war, there was a lot of change going on and politics shaping society around the time he was working. He started his work in the 1900’s and lead on to work with abstraction expressionist art from 1910 until his death around 1945. He saw his paintings as ideas and spiritual, peaceful depth of human emotion through abstract forms, as well as, seeing himself as a prophet who through his life would share this ideal to make a better society.

Title: Composition VIII (1923)


The work illustrates the elements from constructivism and bauhaus school’s own ethos. The geometric order of the piece is opposite to the one he did in composition VII in 1913.He combines constuctivism, Bauhaus and supremacist movements to get the flat planes of colour and the clear, linear quality seen in this work.

The form of the image creates a dynamic and balanced piece that pulses through the image, rather than the colour showing this. His work here expresses his ideals about modern, non-objective art, particularly the significance of shapes like triangles, circles, and the checkerboard. Kandinsky relied upon a hard-edged style to communicate the deeper content of his work for the rest of his career.

The piece is from the Bauhaus movement which is shown through his use of hard-edge geometric shapes. 

He used a lot of musical influences to create his non-objective art pieces and thought that using object-free, spiritually rich paintings that would allude sounds and emotions through a unity of sensation. He would go to the symphony and paint or sketch the music. He used universal shapes and colors that anyone in the world would understand or feel the meaning. For example, the colorful grids are the sound of the piano, the circles and triangles are the different brass instruments and the slash marks are the strokes of the strings and the curvy lines are the wind instruments, like the flute. The Warmer colors in the yellow to red range are louder noises and the color tones of greens, blues and purples are lower sounds and he uses composition to draw your eye around the painting so that you can imagine how the whole piece would sound. 

Bauhaus- Art with a social mission




Marcel Breuer- Cantilevered chair 1927 & Wassily Chair 1925

– designed chairs – many items didn’t take off straight away 

Brever- ideas from bike handlebars


Timescale: 1919- 1933


– just after World War 1

– Germany in need of economic recovery

Influenced by:

-De stiji- reducing visual elements to vertical and horizontal lines

– constructivism- art should serve society

– cubism- multiple view points and geometric components

-futurism – speed dynamism, repetition, machine 

– revolutionized design permanently

Themes and concerns:

– Art was to become a responsible activity

– architecture as the mother of all arts

– utopian and utilitarian

– The well functioning building designed to make peoples lives easier and happier
– A beautiful environment for a classless society
– Craft guilds – not students but apprentices
– Truth to materials
– Reduction to essentials for machine production
Manifesto 1919:

“Architects, painters, sculptors, we must all return to the crafts! For there is no such thing as ‘professional art’ there is no essential difference between the artists and the craftsman … a foundation of crafts discipline is essential to every artist”.




-Very vast, no one style

-created flat roofs

– function, minimised

– workers liked cluttered messy look- found bauhaus boring, no soul




Bauhaus Ethos

‘Freedom of expression, experiment with material’

Preliminary Course, Itten- 1919-1922



– obsessed with colour 

– 6 months- induction- everything

– 3 years- learning inside circle


Josef Albers- colour experiment



– you see opposite

-made tea set- workers can afford – everything simplified


Desktop light 1928, 1924

1931- 50,000 lights sold



Textiles– reversible- machine washable 

Gunta Stolzl Master Weaver 1927




They’re biting 1920



Fire in the Evening 1929


-worshiper of colour

– they’re biting- geometric shapes, faded colour, warm and cold colours- representation of the seaside, abstract elements, energetic, type explanation mark. 


Alma Siedhoff- busher 1924

Geometric shapes

Josef Hartwig 1923


– shapes show where piece moves


Master Buildings





Student buildings



– the buildings are clean,

– geometric shapes

– modern



Main Points:

– art should have a social purpose

-break down the barrier between fine art and craft

– wanted to train designers to understand the industrial process

– simplification to geometric forms for serialisation

-revolutionised the way art is taught

– revolutionised modern design

Main artists: Mondrain, Rodchenko, picasso. Their aim was to shape society through their art, around the time when there was economic recovery and just after world war 1.


1. Three ideas that link constructivism, De Stijl and the bauhaus is the use of geometric shapes within their work, the political influence they had or were trying to show within their art to the public and government, colour and materials.